Bhutan is the only country in the world to retain the Tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism (Drukpa Kagyu) as the official religion. The Buddhist faith has played and continues to play a fundamental role in the cultural, ethical and sociological development of Bhutan and its people. It permeates all strands of secular life, bringing with it a reverence for the land and its well being. Annual festivals (tsechus and dromches) are spiritual occasions in each district. They bring together the population and are dedicated to the Guru Rinpoche or other deities.
Throughout Bhutan, stupas and chortens line the roadside commemorating places where Guru Rinpoche or another high Lama may have stopped to meditate. Prayer flags dot the hills, fluttering in the wind. They allow Bhutanese people to maintain constant communication with the heavens.
The Buddhist faith has played a fundamental role in the cultural, ethical and sociological development of Bhutan and its people. Annual festivals (Tsechus and Dromchoes) are spritual occasions in each district. The Dzongs which were built in every districts in the middle ages as fortresses function as the centre of both religious and secular activities now a days.
Religious beliefs are evidenced in all aspects of life. Prayer flags flutter on hillsides offering up prayers to benefit all nearby sentient beings. Houses each fly a small white flag on the roof indicating the owner has made his offering payments to appease the local god.
Gho for men and Kira for women is the national dress of Bhutan which has been worn for the most known history of Bhutan and mandatory for all citizens at all times otherwise punishments are imposed. Suja a salted butter tea, is typically served at social gatherings. The doma (betel nut) is considered a customary offering used in greeting.
Bhutan essentially has three main ethnic groups : Read More
Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan : Read More
Once a year, a dzong or important village hold a religious festival or Tshechu : Read More
One of the most distinctive features of the Bhutanese is their traditional dress : Read More
Bhutanese society is centered around the practice of Buddhism : Read More
Architecture is also a significant feature of the Bhutanese identity : Read More
Archery is the national sport of Bhutan and competitions are held regularly in most villages : Read More
The Bhutanese diet is rich in meat, diary, grains and vegetables : Read More